"BV" is an abbreviation for "Besloten Vennootschap". It is the Dutch terminology for a private limited liability company. The company is owned by shareholders, and the company's shares are privately registered and not freely transferable. The phrase means "secluded partnership" and it is the most common form of enterprise in the Netherlands.

A BV may be created by one or more individuals or legal entities, Dutch or foreign, with a minimum paid in capital of 18,000. After a statement of no objection is obtained from the Ministry of Justice, a deed of incorporation is executed and filed. It must be in Dutch and contains details of the Incorporators and the initial Members of the Board, their amounts of participation and payments of initial capital. The deed also contains the Articles of Association, consisting of at least the company name which must begin or end with "B.V.", the city where the company has its registered seat, the purpose of the company, the authorized capital in Euro and its division in shares, as well as the conditions for share transfer. The authorized capital is the maximum capital that may subsequently be issued without altering the Articles of Association; it may be up to a maximum of five times the initial capital.